MLA论文格式要求及写作技巧

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MLA论文格式要求及写作技巧
摘要:MLA论文格式要求及写作规范:论文正文采用段首缩进5个字符,单面打印;2倍行距。正文第一页加论文题目。正文(包括附录和参考文献)页码标注格式为阿拉伯数字1 2 3….页码标注在页面底部居中。论文封面不标注页码。论文采用A4复印纸单面打印。上、下、右边距为25mm;左边距为30mm,其中10mm供装订。论文装订次序为论文封面、论文主体(body),参考文献、附录(若有)。论文页码从正文开始。……

MLA论文格式要求

论文全文采用小四号Times New Roman(12号)字体:论文题目采用小二号 Times New Roman;中文题目采用小2号宋体。一级标题(章标题)采用16号Times New Roman,分别冠以I、II、III、IV、V等序号;二级标题(节标题)14号,分别冠以1.1, 1.2、2.1, 2.2、等序号;三级标题(节以下标题)均采用12号,分别冠以1.1.1、2.1.1等序号。所有标题加黑。

论文正文采用段首缩进5个字符,单面打印;2倍行距。正文第一页加论文题目。

正文(包括附录和参考文献)页码标注格式为阿拉伯数字1 2 3….页码标注在页面底部居中。论文封面不标注页码。

论文采用A4复印纸单面打印。上、下、右边距为25mm;左边距为30mm,其中10mm供装订。

论文装订次序为论文封面、论文主体(body),参考文献、附录(若有)。论文页码从正文开始。

示例1:MLA格式参考文献著录及引述格式

第一部分:正文内引述  (In-text Citation: MLA Style)

[The formatting generally follows the latest Modern Language Association (MLA) style, including parenthetical references.*Parenthetical documentation means that in the text, only the author’s surname and the page number is given in parentheses following the quotation or any reference to another source. If the author’s name is given in the introductory statement to the quotation, only the page number is given in parentheses at the end. Footnotes are not used for this purpose in the modern MLA style. (MLA一般不用脚注)The Works Cited page contains the full name of the author, the title of the book, etc. Internet sites frequently do not have page numbers, so that only the name of the author or web site is given in parentheses. Footnotes are used sparingly, and only to give additional information not suitable to include in the text.] (Julia Diterman)

Ⅰ. MLA格式文内摘录一般用括号加注法:

1. 括号内(作者姓氏+引文页码),如果引文中已经给出作者姓名,只需括号加注内页码即可。例如:

e.g In studying the influence of Latin American, African and Asian music on modern American composers, music historians tend to discuss such figures as Aaron Copland, George Gershwin, Henry Cowell, Alan Hovhaness, and John Cage (Brindle; Griffiths 104-39; Hitchcock 173-98这里同时引用不同作者的多篇文献)

e.g Brian Taves suggests some interesting conclusions regarding philosophy and politics of the adventure film (153-54, 171).

e.g Her idea is further confirmed that “people think her odd and that nobody loves and admires her” (Fountain 33).

e.g Her idea is further confirmed that “people think her odd and that nobody loves and admires her (Fountain 33).”(不规范)

e.g Her idea is further confirmed that “people think her odd and that nobody loves and admires her (Fountain 33).” (不规范)

2. 引用中文著作或期刊时同姓作者的情况较多,应在括号夹注中使用他们名字的首字母加以区分,

如:MLA: (S.R. Wang 26)  (J.X. Wang 30)

3. 两个作者时可以用 & 连接,两个以上时可用 ,隔开. 

如:e.g According to educational psychologists, raising children is a responsibility of the entire community (Franklin, Childs, & Smith 410).

4. 引用团体作者的作品,括号夹注中应使用团体的名称,如:

e.g It was apparent that the American health care system needed “to be fixed and perhaps radically modified” (Public Agenda Foundation 4).

5. 引用无作者文献:引用无作者文献,如果文献标题没有出现在正文里,则括号夹注中应使用该标题或者(如果标题过长的话)使用该标题中的关键词组,如:

e.g An anonymous Wordsworth critic once argued that his poems were too emotional (“Wordsworth Is A Loser” 100).

6.引用非直接文献(indirect source)论文应尽可能避免使用非直接文献(即二级文献secondary source),但在无法找到直接文献(即一级文献primary source)的情况下,引文可以从非直接文献中析出,例如:e.g Samuel Johnson admitted that Edmund Burke was an “extraordinary man” (qtd. in Boswell 2: 450).

Ⅱ 引用整篇文献(即全书或全文)观点时有两种情况:

一种是作者的姓氏在正文中没有出现,如:(摘自:复旦大学英语语言专业学位论文规范)

e.g Charlottes and Emily Bronte were polar opposites, not only in their personalities but in their sources of inspiration for writing (Taylor).

另一种情况是作者的姓氏已在正文同一句中出现,按MLA的规范不需要使用括号夹注,如:

e.g Taylor claims that Charlotte and Emily Bronte were polar opposites, not only in their personalities but in their sources of inspiration for writing.

Ⅲ 超过四行的文内摘引语,另起一段,首行在原文基础上再缩进五个字符。行间距按1.5倍打印。

Lengthy quoted passages (more than four lines) are single-spaced and indented from the left margin.(some time from both margins) five paces. The first line is indented an additional five spaces when it marks the beginning of a paragraph.

Ⅳ 把句号或逗号放在引号内(Place the period and the comma within the quotation marks:)

E.g. “Jenny,” he said, “let’s have lunch.”

也有例外: e.g. The author states: “Time alone reveals the just(471)”.

当摘引用于强调事件本身时,破折号 —, 问号?和感叹号!一般置于引号内;当用于强调整个句子时,置于引号外。

例如:e.g Gordon answered, “No way !”

e.g Stop whistling “All Do is Dream of you” !

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